Cross-border logistics refers to the logistics business conducted between two or more countries (or regions). Many friends who send cross-border logistics for the first time will complain that the cost is so high. So how to calculate the cost of cross-border logistics?
Before introducing billing, let me introduce a few concepts.
1. Type of weight
General express billing is measured by weight. In the international logistics industry, there are three kinds of actual weight, volume weight and billing weight. ActualWeight: referred to as ActualWeight, a-w or AW, is the ActualWeight, generally refers to the actual GrossWeight (GrossWeight), that is, the weight of the goods themselves, plus the weight of the packaging materials used in the article.
VolumetricWeight: when the volume of the cargo is large but the real weight is light, the value calculated by converting the volume of the cargo according to a certain coefficient is the volume weight because the carrying capacity of the transport vehicle is limited by the volume of the cargo. The volume weight is greater than the actual weight of the cargo is often referred to as light parabolic. ChargeableWeight: As the name implies, the weight used to calculate freight charges. Generally speaking, ChargeableWeight is the higher of the actual weight and volume weight. Of course, go real weight and plan bubble is not consistent with this point.
2. Charging weight unit
In international express, the package weighing less than 21kg shall be regarded as international small package, which shall be charged per 500g (0.5kg). Packages with a weight of 21kg or more are international large packages, and each kilogram is the international logistics fee charging unit.
3. First weight and continued weight
The first weight and continued weight of international parcels are actually the same as domestic express. The first weight refers to the first kilogram of the goods, and the continued weight refers to each subsequent chargeable weight excluding the first kilogram. Send international express 10KG, the first weight is 1KG, behind is continued 1KG, that billing method is the first weight cost + continued cost: 1 first weight +9 continued weight. However, please note that depending on the weight of the goods and the company, the first and second weight may also be charged at 0.5 kg or other forms.
4. Packing fee
Generally speaking, express delivery companies are free to provide customers with packaging materials for free packaging, such as cartons, bubbles and so on. But for some valuable and fragile items, in order to ensure the safety of express delivery, express delivery companies will carry out some targeted packaging, such as customized wooden boxes, at this time the express delivery company will charge a certain packaging fee. (Note that packing charges are not included in the discount range)
5. Remote expenses
The remote surcharge is a common charge for international couriers when they send packages in remote locations.
Why is there this fee? Because the normal freight accounting, only for the freight costs to major cities. A surcharge charged by a delivery service provider in addition to freight to cover the additional costs of delivery in remote areas, where delivery timeliness is also affected to varying degrees, including remote island countries.
6. Customs clearance fee
International express normally does not need separate customs declaration, international express will be centralized customs declaration, if the export tax rebate is needed, you can pay for the customs declaration, there is a customs declaration fee, normal mail a parcel does not need customs declaration fee, the freight includes these.
7, international logistics general freight calculation formula
(1) Actual weight: the actual weight is greater than the volume weight
When the consignment is heavier than the volume, the freight calculation method is: freight for first weight +(weight (kg)× 2-1)× freight for continued weight
(2) Volume heavy goods: actual weight < volume weight
First calculate the volume weight, and then calculate according to the freight calculation method: freight for first weight +(weight (kg)× 2-1)× freight for continued weight
8. Total expenses
Total fee = (Freight + fuel surcharge)× Discount + packing fee (may be) + other uncertain fees (customs fee, remote fee, etc.)