One of the core elements for the development and competition of cross-border e-commerce industry is logistics. The rapid development of cross-border e-commerce in the past five years has also brought vitality and power to the traditional cross-border logistics industry. E-commerce giants have started to establish cross-border logistics by themselves, while comprehensive cross-border logistics service providers have emerged. Logistics is a very important consideration for cross-border e-commerce consumers. In this paper, we will understand the logistics mode of cross-border e-commerce.
1. Parcel post
According to incomplete statistics, 70% of the parcels of China's cross-border e-commerce export business are delivered through the postal system, of which China Post accounts for about 50%. HongKong Post and Singapore Post are also the logistics methods commonly used by Chinese cross-border e-commerce sellers.
Advantages: The postal network basically covers the world, more than any other logistics channel. And because postal services are generally state-owned and subsidized by state taxes, they are very cheap.
International express has high requirements for information provision, collection and management, supported by global self-built networks and international information systems.
Advantages: fast speed, good service, low packet loss rate, especially very convenient to the European and American developed countries.
Iii. Dedicated line logistics
Cross-border dedicated line logistics is a popular way of logistics, which is to transport goods to foreign countries through air cargo packing and then deliver goods to the destination country and home through cooperative companies. At present, the most commonly used logistics special lines in the industry include the United States, Europe, Australia, Russia, etc. Many logistics companies have also launched the Middle East special line, South America special line.
Advantages: Centralized delivery of large quantities of goods to the destination, through the effect of scale to reduce costs, so the price is lower than commercial express, faster than small postal parcels, the loss rate is also relatively low.
4. Overseas warehouses
The so-called overseas warehousing service refers to the one-stop control and management service of warehousing, sorting, packaging and delivery of goods independently or jointly provided by the online foreign trade trading platform and logistics service provider for sellers at the sales target. The seller will store the goods in the local warehouse, and when the buyer has the demand, make a quick response in the first time, and carry out the sorting, packaging and delivery of the goods in time. The whole process includes three parts: initial transportation, storage management and local distribution.
1. Head transportation: Chinese merchants can transport goods to overseas warehouses by sea, air, land or combined transportation.
2. Warehouse management: Chinese merchants can remotely operate overseas warehouse goods and manage inventory in real time through logistics information system.
3. Local distribution: Overseas storage centers will distribute goods to customers by local post or express according to the order information.
1, the traditional way of foreign trade goods to warehouse, can reduce logistics costs;
2. It can provide flexible and reliable return and exchange programs to improve the purchasing confidence of overseas customers.
3. Shorter delivery cycle and faster delivery speed can reduce the defect transaction rate of cross-border logistics.
4. Overseas warehouses can help sellers expand sales categories and break through the development bottleneck of "large and heavy".
With the rise of cross-border e-commerce, domestic express delivery has also begun to accelerate the layout of international business.
Advantages: faster speed, lower cost than the four international express giants, EMS has strong customs clearance ability in China.